Kopaonik is named after digging ore. On this mountain ore was dug before the arrival of the Romans in these areas. Volcanic activity and hot mineral melt caused changes on the rocks because of high temperatures and heavy pressures. Thus was born “Mining region of Kopaonik ", with a large number of mines from old times. The exploitation was mainly focused on the mining of lead and zinc. Since the arrival of Saxons in the thirteenth century to the middle of the fifteenth century, there was a flourishing mining and silver in this period was the main product Kopaonik mines. Gold was obtained from various ores and in various ways.
By the richness of lead and zinc Kopaonik is among the first in Europe, and sites of these metals are more than a hundred locations on the mountain. In addition to the metals iron, lead, zinc, antimony, molybdenum and mercury, on Kopaonik there are rare minerals wollastonite, fluorite, asbestos and others.